Osteoarthritis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

By May 10, 2023 No Comments

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that is prevalent among millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the cartilage, bones, and other tissues in the joints begin to deteriorate, leading to painful symptoms and limited mobility. Although it commonly affects older adults, it can also develop in younger individuals. This article aims to provide an in-depth overview of osteoarthritis, including its causes, symptoms, and available treatment options. By understanding this condition, individuals can take steps to reduce their risk of developing osteoarthritis and seek appropriate medical care if necessary.

What Causes Osteoarthritis?

The exact cause of osteoarthritis is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, age, and injury. Some people may be more prone to developing osteoarthritis due to genetic factors, while others may develop it as a result of an injury or overuse of the joint. Age is also a contributing factor, as the wear and tear on the joints over time can cause the cartilage to break down.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

The symptoms of osteoarthritis can vary depending on the severity of the condition and which joint is affected. The most common symptoms include:

  • Pain in the affected joint, which may be worse with activity and improve with rest
  • Stiffness in the affected joint, particularly in the morning or after sitting for a prolonged period of time
  • Swelling or tenderness in the affected joint
  • A crunching or popping sound when moving the affected joint
  • Limited range of motion in the affected joint

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

Diagnosing osteoarthritis typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs. During a physical examination, a healthcare provider may examine the affected joint for tenderness, swelling, or other signs of osteoarthritis. Medical history can help identify any risk factors for osteoarthritis, such as previous injuries or a family history of the condition. Imaging tests can help confirm a diagnosis of osteoarthritis and assess the severity of the condition.

Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis

There are several treatment options available for osteoarthritis, including:

  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation in the affected joint.
  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide exercises and techniques to improve the range of motion, flexibility, and strength in the affected joint.
  • Weight loss: Excess weight can put added stress on the joints, which can worsen osteoarthritis symptoms. Losing weight can help reduce the strain on the affected joint and improve symptoms.
  • Assistive devices: Using devices such as braces, shoe inserts, or canes can help reduce the pressure on the affected joint and improve mobility.
  • Surgery: In severe cases of osteoarthritis, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the affected joint.

Preventing Osteoarthritis

While there is no surefire way to prevent osteoarthritis, there are some steps that can help reduce the risk of developing the condition. 

These include:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly to improve joint strength and flexibility
  • Avoiding injuries to the joints
  • Taking breaks and avoiding overuse of the joints

Dr. Stanley Jones and his team of specialists work closely with each patient to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets their goals.


Osteoarthritis is a common condition that can cause pain, stiffness, and limited mobility in the affected joint. While there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are several treatment options available to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for osteoarthritis, individuals can take steps to reduce their risk of developing the condition and seek appropriate medical care if necessary. If you are experiencing symptoms of osteoarthritis, it is important to seek medical attention to manage your condition and improve your quality of life. 

Don’t wait to seek help! Dr. Stanley Jones offers comprehensive care and effective treatment options for patients with osteoarthritis. Call us today at (712) 773-2273 to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards joint and back wellness.